Are you a Celt? A Gael? Viking? It could depends where in Ireland you are from
Are you a Celt? Or a Gael? Viking or British? Well it might depend on where you come from in Ireland according to a new study.
A genetic map has been created by researchers that reveals the impact of immigration, invasion and plantation throughout Irish history.
The study was carried out by the Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland (RCSI) and the Genealogical Society of Ireland (GSI). They have published their findings in the paper ‘The Irish DNA Atlas: Revealing Fine-Scale Population Structure and History within Ireland’.
The study found that there are various genetic clusters across the island of Ireland, which roughly correlate with major events in Irish history such as the invasion of the Vikings and the Ulster Plantations.
It is believed that these findings can help with the diagnosis of various genetic diseases within people of Irish ancestry.
Edmund Gilbert of the RCSI, first author on the paper, said: “We have demonstrated that the structure emerging from genetic similarity within Ireland mirrors historical kingdoms of Ireland, and that Ireland acts as a sink of Celtic ancestry.
“Additionally, we find evidence of a west-Norwegian-like ancestry that we believe is a signature of the Norse Vikings.
Make a perfect memory with your loved ones
Celtic Butterfly - symbol of transformation, inspiration, and rebirth
“We also observe the impact of historical events, such as the Ulster Plantations, on the DNA of the people of Ireland.”
Co-author Michael Merrigan added: “We now get a clearer, scientifically-based map of the distribution and settlement of our ancestral groups across the island of Ireland.
“Historians and students of medieval Ireland have now a wonderful resource on the movements and inter-relationships of our ancestor groups through their DNA.”
Co-author of the paper Sean Ennis added: “Having a genetic map of the Irish population will be invaluable in studies of the genetic component of some common diseases in the Irish population, especially those diseases which show a difference in prevalence rates across the island of Ireland.”
You can find out more about the study by visiting www.rcsi.ie.
Did you know?Singer songwriter Ed Sheeran performed an Irish language version of his smash single Thinking Out Loud on RTÉ 2fm. It was a great gesture from Sheeran to learn his own song in another language – and his performance came after a classic radio prank. Find out more.
Have you heard about…A stunning former schoolhouse in Co Sligo was sold in 2017 and turned into a beautiful home. Take a look inside.
What about this…‘The man who couldn’t be killed’ - firefighter Mike Molloy was an Irish emigrant living in New York in the early 20th century. He was the victim of a consistent series of murder attempts by an insurance fraud gang. Find out more.