Hazel – the tree at the world’s end

Hazel is the tree found at the center of the Otherworld, or the World’s End depending on the myth.

Hazel tree in Celtic mythology

In Celtic mythology, nine magical hazel trees hang over the sacred Well of Wisdom dropping their hazelnuts into the well.

The water of the well flows into streams where the magical nuts are eaten by the Salmon of Wisdom.

Ogham, the mysterious language of the trees The Origins of the Ogham alphabet are still a mystery for many historians, but it is primarily thought to be an early form of the Irish written Language. Bealtaine Fire

Sacred nut

Those who consume either the nuts or the fish will gain prophetic abilities. Often stories would tell of a legendary hero sent on a quest to the Well at the world’s end to catch a sacred nut before it reached the salmon of wisdom.

According to folklore, hazel could often be found with the apple and the hawthorn at the borders between worlds where magical things are believed to occur.

Guardians of the hazel in Ireland and Britian

In many myths the hazel has a guardian. In Ireland, Bile Ratha, the poetic fairy lives in the hazel. In Scotland the hazel guardian is the mythical Hind Etin and in Northern England the guardian of the hazel is called Melsh-Dick.

It is considered extremely bad luck to chop down a hazel tree and was once said to be punishable by death.

Coll, Corylus, C – The Hazel is associated with wisdom. It is the ninth letter in the ogham alphabet, Coll and the ninth month in the Celtic tree calendar.

In Greek and Roman mythology the hazel is associated with Hermes and Mercury who represent intelligence. Hermes staff was said to be made of hazel wood.

This is a practice followed by some druids who prefer a hazel staff over the traditional oak.

Hazel staffs were often seen as a sign of authority and the old English word for hazel, ‘haesl’ means ‘baton of authority’.

In British folklore Hazel is associated with love and fertility. In England a new bride would traditionally be greeted with a gift of hazels and up until the mid-twentieth century country folk believed good show of hazel catkins foretold a year with lots of babies.

More on trees in Celtic mythology

Trees in celtic mythology


Apple – healing, youthfulness and rebirth

Ash – one Ireland’s sacred trees

Aspen – sacred Celtic whispering tree

Birch – the tree of birth

Blackthorn – sinister tree of the dark side

Elder – a tree sacred to the Celts

Gorse – symbol of love and fertility

Hawthorn – the fairy tree

Hazel – the tree at the world’s end

Heather – building block for Celts

Holly – guards against spirits and witchcraft

Ivy – symbol of strength and determination

Mistletoe – sacred plant of the sun god

Oak – king of the forest

Reed – introduction to Ogham

Rowan – the ‘lady of the mountains’

Scots Pine – the 'pioneer' plant'

Vine – the tree of joy

Willow – beauty and spiritual presence

Yew – longevity and resurrection

The Celtic Tree Calendar – following the lunar cycle

Ancient Irish language of ogham

Ogham – ancient Irish written language

New age beliefs about Ogham

Ogham alphabet named after Irish words for trees

Origins of Ogham – modern theories

Poems written in Ogham

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