Edward III of England feared that the settlers were becoming “more Irish than the Irish themselves”. He was alarmed that the Anglo-Irish were becoming too powerful and threatened his rights and interests in Ireland.
These laws were intended to give control of Ireland back to English born nobles, not English descendants in Ireland. It was treason to break any of the laws which could lead to the death sentence.
The Statute of Kilkenny aimed to separate the English from the Irish. It was against the law for the English in Ireland to:
Because of the poor resources, the laws weren’t implemented. The English were not able to make people obey the new laws, and the Anglo-Irish ignored them
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1516 Queen Mary of England and Ireland was born on this day in 1516. She was given the name “Bloody Mary” because of the persecution of Protestants during her reign. When she took over the throne, she changed the national religion back to Catholicism, and had any dissenters executed.
During her five year rule, it is estimated that more than 300 Protestants were killed, with the preferred method of execution not being hung or beheaded, but burnt at the stake.
Daingean in Co Offaly was originally called Philipstown in King’s County in 1556, after Mary’s husband King Philip of Spain. The midlands town of Portlaoise was originally called ‘Maryborough’ to honour Queen Mary of England. The town was established by an act of Parliament during her reign in 1557.
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1935 Ciarán Bourke, one of the founding members of the Dubliners, was born on 18th February in 1935. He grew up in Dublin and after playing in local pubs, Bourke, Ronnie Drew, Barney McKenna and Luke Kelly became the Dubliners.
The Dubliners and Ciaran Bourke performing the Donegal Reel/Longford Collector – real foot-tapping music.
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1978 Police in Northern Ireland arrested 20 suspected IRA members on this day in 1978, following the previous day’s petrol bomb attack on La Mon restaurant in County Down in which 12 people were killed.